We all know that cancer is named after the body part or organ that is effects. Now bone marrow cancer, as the name suggests, is marked by the abnormal and unhealthy multiplication of malignant cells in the patient’s bone marrow.
Bone marrow refers to the brownish, spongy material present inside our bones that contains the stem cells or plasma cells. These cells are responsible for the production of antibodies which help our body to fight various diseases.
Bone marrow cancer leads to excessive growth of plasma cells which drastically affects our body’s ability to produce red blood cells, leading to Anemia, abnormal bleeding and increased vulnerability to infections. Gradually the malignant cells start to replace all the healthy cells, thereby, damaging our bones and eventually leading to paralysis.
As mentioned earlier, bone marrow cancer is classified into 3 different types. These are as under:
Various symptoms of Bone marrow cancer include the following:
It is quite difficult to determine the exact cause of bone marrow cancer, however, the following factors may be accounted for it:
Bone marrow cancer is diagnosed with the help of certain tests and screenings that include blood tests, chemistry profile, tumour markers, bone marrow biopsy, urine tests, MRI, CT scan, PET and even X-rays.
You can easily find bone marrow cancer treatment videos online on Medflick that will help you to understand all your treatment options.
Bone marrow transplant (BMT)