Ovarian Cancer: All You Women Need To Read This

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Ovarian cancer is the 3rd most common type of gynaecological cancer in India and the 7th most common type of cancer in the world, which is marked by the abnormal and uncontrollable growth of malignant cells in the ovaries or fallopian tubes. Ovaries are a part of the female reproductive system responsible for the production of the ovum. Ovarian cancer may be a result of many factors which may either be inherited or acquired.

Ovarian cancer surely is a cause of concern and can prove to be fatal if not treated properly, however right knowledge about the same can help in early detection which in turn helps to negate most of the complications, thereby making the treatment more effective.

Ovarian cancer treatment in India is comparatively cheaper than other countries and you can find some of the renowned doctors, specializing in the same, on Medflick.

Here are a few important things that you need to know about ovarian cancer.

Early signs and symptoms associated with ovarian cancer

As far as the signs and symptoms are concerned, it is very important to take a note of these so that you know when you need to consult a doctor. Here are a few signs and symptoms, listed by the top ovarian cancer specialists in India, that you should not take lightly:

  • Persistent pain and pressure in the pelvic area
  • Unexplained vaginal bleeding i.e. bleeding between periods or after menopause.
  • Frequent pain in the back and abdomen
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Loss of appetite
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Indigestion, nausea or constipation
  • General body weakness and fatigue
  • Difficulty in breathing

In a country like India, where women do not openly talk about such problems, it is very important to reach out to the female population far and wide and spread awareness starting from root levels. Proper knowledge about the signs and symptoms will help them to understand when to seek help. best gynecologic oncologists in India - medflick

Major risk factors

Being a woman in itself is a major risk factor of ovarian cancer. There are reportedly 4.9 cases of ovarian cancer per 100,000. People who fall under the risk category include:

  • Women with a family history of ovarian or breast cancer
  • Women above 63 years of age
  • Women who’ve had a history of breast cancer
  • Women who have never given birth or have never experienced a full-term pregnancy
  • Women with a BMI of more than 30
  • Women undergoing hormonal therapy

Different types of ovarian cancer.

There are more than 30 different types of ovarian cancers distinguished on the basis of the various types of cells from which they originate. Here, we have mentioned 4 most common types of ovarian cancers:

  • Epithelial ovarian cancer - it is the most common type of ovarian cancer, 85 to 90 per cent, that originates from the epithelium of the ovaries.
  • Germ cell ovarian cancer - it is quite rare and originates from the reproductive cells of the ovaries.
  • Stromal cell ovarian cancer - it is also very rare and starts from the connective tissue present in the ovaries.
  • Small cell carcinoma - it is extremely rare and may originate from ovarian epithelial cells, sex-cord stromal cells or germ cells.

Various stages of ovarian cancer

The various stages of ovarian cancer help us to understand how far cancer has spread. There are 3 main stages.

  • Stage I - the cancer is localised and is restricted to the ovaries and the fallopian tube only.
  • Stage II - the cancer is regional i.e. it has metastasized to the nearby organs and areas like the uterus and the cervix.
  • Stage III - cancer becomes distant, i.e. spreads throughout the body to all the major organs like the liver and the lungs.

How is the problem diagnosed?

Two of the most common tests, recommended by the best gynecologic oncologists in India, that can help to diagnose ovarian cancer include the following: ovarian cancer treatment videos online - medflick

  • Transvaginal ultrasound - this can help to find any abnormal growth in the ovaries. However, it cannot tell whether the growth is benign or malignant.
  • CA-125 blood test - women with ovarian cancer tend to have higher levels of CA-125, a type of protein. The test can help to detect any abnormality in CA-125 levels which may be an indication of ovarian cancer.

Can PAP smear help to diagnose ovarian cancer?

As far as the PAP test is concerned, it is not a reliable means of detecting ovarian cancer since it involves the examination of sample tissues taken from the cervix. However, if the cancer cells have metastasized from the ovaries to the cervix, there is a slight possibility of the cancer being diagnosed.

Possible treatment options

Surgical treatment for ovarian cancer involves the removal of either one or both of the ovaries. In some cases, the uterus and the cervix are also removed along with the ovaries. Surgery is usually followed up by radiation therapy. Chemotherapy and targeted therapy may also be recommended. You can easily find ovarian cancer treatment videos online that will help you to understand the procedures even better.

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