Should You Consider Egg Donation?

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One of the most beautiful moments in the life of any woman is when she gives birth to a child. It is said that a child completes a woman by giving her a new life. But for some, all this is just a dream because not all women are healthy enough to conceive. There are a lot of health issues and conditions that can affect your ability to reproduce. Premature exhaustion of eggs is one such problem that can prevent a woman from conceiving. Egg donation by a healthy and fertile donor can help to give such women the gift of motherhood. The procedure has helped a lot of women worldwide and has gained a lot of popularity in India as well. Any healthy woman who is still in her fertile years and has passed certain eligibility criteria can donate her eggs.

You can easily find Oocyte donation centers in India where you can donate your eggs. To help you understand the procedure even better, let's read about it in detail.

What is egg donation?

Egg donation, commonly known as gamete donation is a highly advanced procedure in the field of assisted reproduction that involves the collection of healthy gametes from the ovaries of a healthy, fertile donor and utilizing them to help other women who are facing difficulty with conceiving. The procedure has paved the way for new possibilities and is gaining a lot of momentum owing to its high success rate. Usually, a healthy woman lying in the age group of 21 to 35 years is considered to be eligible for the donation.

Causes of diminished egg reserve in the ovaries:

At the time of birth, every girl child has a limited reserve of gametes (in billions). As soon as a girl attains puberty, she starts losing some of these on a monthly basis and by the time she attains menopause, the reserve is completely exhausted. Each and every woman has to go through this and the exhaustion usually happens in the mid ‘40s, however, some women may experience premature exhaustion of eggs owing to various reasons. These include:

  • Excessive smoking: Smoking can lead to chronic blockage in your fallopian tubes and damage the eggs. Chemicals like nicotine, cyanide and carbon monoxide, which are present in cigarettes can increase the loss rate of eggs. Eggs once damaged cannot be regenerated and such women tend to experience menopause 3 to 4 years earlier.
  • Genetic abnormalities: Genetic problems like primary ovarian insufficiency or premature ovarian failure can lead to premature menopause by affecting the production of estrogen.
  • Aggressive therapies for a chronic ailment: Women undergoing high doses of chemotherapy are likely to become infertile after treatment as the chemicals can destroy all the immature eggs in the ovaries.
  • Ovariohysterectomy: This refers to the removal of the ovaries due to some medical purpose. Since the egg reserves are present in the ovaries, their removal naturally leads to the complete loss of egg reserves and hence the woman becomes infertile.
  • Hormonal problems like PCOS: Women suffering from PCOS tend to have higher levels of androgen which negatively impacts the development and regular release of eggs.

How are the eggs extracted?

The procedure is carried out by highly trained experts and utmost priority is given to the health and safety of the donor. You will be given a proper briefing about the whole procedure and all your queries will be answered. The doctors make sure that the patient is both physically as well as mentally prepared for undergoing the procedure.

Before initiating the oocyte donation process, there are certain formalities that have to be fulfilled. These include a written application by the donor which is to be followed by an interview. To make sure that the donor is physically sound, they are subjected to a series of physical screenings, tests (blood and drug), ultrasound, infectious disease screening and inherited disease screening as well as a detailed study of their medical history.

Once the donor is ready, the doctor may recommend certain medicines to halt normal cycles and this is to be followed by hyperstimulation in which the donor is given a series of fertility drugs that help the ovaries to produce more eggs. It should, however, be kept in mind that the donor herself is at elevated risks of becoming pregnant so it is better to take all the precautionary measures. oocyte donation centers in India - Medflick

Regular screenings and tests can help the doctors to monitor the donor’s overall health as well as help them to determine when the donor is ready for the extraction. Before initiating the procedure, the donor is given the last dose of the fertility drugs. The eggs are then removed via transvaginal ovarian aspiration, which is performed under the influence of painkillers and anesthesia, which means that the donor does not feel any pain or discomfort. The whole procedure takes about 30 to 40 minutes.

Egg donation procedure video available on Medflick can help you to understand the procedure in detail.

The donor may be required to stay in the hospital for a couple of hours until they are fit to go home. While some women completely recover within 24 to 48 hours, some might take a little longer.

Egg donation is a very safe procedure and you should definitely consider it if you fit in the eligibility criteria.

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