TAVI Or Conventional Surgery? Know What is Best For You

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Surgery is usually the last resort of treatment for any chronic medical ailment and majorly aims at the restoration, replacement or removal of the affected organ. Surgeries have evolved over time and especially in the field of cardiology, where the advent of minimally invasive techniques and procedures has led to better results and increased chances at survival. Although procedures like TAVI-TAVR (Trans-catheter Aortic Valve Implantation/Replacement) have paved the way for new possibilities, we cannot simply neglect the perks of conventional surgery.

People planning to undergo heart surgery, or any surgery for that regard, are quite likely to be curious about the surgical procedure as well as worried about the outcome. Mental preparation, I believe is very important before undergoing any surgery. Medflick helps you with the same by giving you access to the best cardiac surgical videos that not only put an end to your curiosity by helping you understand the procedures elaborately but also help to prepare you for the surgery mentally. 

Doctors specialising in cardiovascular disease treatment in Delhi resort to the use of both conventional methods of treatment as well as new minimally invasive methods. Although both the surgeries aim at treating the same problem, one may be more beneficial than the other in some cases. To understand this better, let us talk about both the procedures in detail.

Conventional heart surgery

Conventional heart surgery, also known as open-heart surgery or traditional heart surgery, refers to the age-old practice of performing cardiovascular procedures by making large incisions to directly access the heart.

Performed under the influence of general anaesthesia, the procedure is very popular and highly recommended to patients suffering from coronary heart disease and those in need of a heart transplant. Heart transplant procedure videos available online give a detailed description of the whole procedure.

Conventional surgery aims at:

  • Repairing or replacing damaged heart valves to improve the flow of blood
  • Placement of heartbeat assist devices
  • Heart transplant
  • Placement of coronary artery bypass grafts

Major risks and complications associated with conventional surgery:

  • Elevated risks of infection
  • Possibility of heart attack or stroke
  • Irregularity in heartbeats
  • Renal or respiratory failure
  • Clot formation
  • Excessive blood loss
  • Breathlessness
  • Loss of memory
  • Pneumonia
  • Death

Minimally invasive heart surgery: TAVI/TAVR

Popularly known as TAVI or TAVR, Trans-catheter Aortic Valve Implantation or Trans Catheter Aortic Valve Replacement is one of the latest heart blockage treatment procedures that is carried out with the help of a catheter which is a small, flexible and narrow tube that can easily fit inside the arteries. TAVI/TAVR is used to treat patients suffering from chronic aortic stenosis which is a result of plaque formation. Plaque refers to the oil, cholesterol and fat particles that accumulate on the walls of the aortic valve and lead to severe blockage.

The catheter is inserted inside the patient’s body via the groin or very small incisions and holes made on the side of the chest arms or thighs. The catheter is fitted with a small balloon on one of its ends which is inflated occasionally to pave way for the placement of new prosthetic valve which is placed inside the catheter. The prosthetic valve is made up of living tissue taken from a donor or animals like cows and pigs.

The surgery involves the use of a small camera that helps to generate live images of the whole procedure on a large screen, thereby adding to the precision and accuracy.

Benefits of TAVI/TAVR:

  • Smaller incisions
  • Faster recovery
  • No unnecessary blood loss
  • Minimal pain
  • Shorter hospital stays

Risks associated with TAVI/TAVR include:

  • Increased risks of stroke
  • Valve leakage or dislocation
  • Allergic reaction to the dye and medicines used during the procedure
  • Internal bleeding that triggers clot formation

Both surgeries have their risks and benefits and the latter usually outnumber the former. We recommend you to consult a doctor to clear any doubt regarding which treatment would suit you the best.

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