Is your knee pain holding you back from living your life to the fullest? Do you always have to give a second thought before indulging in any physical activity? Does climbing stairs lead to unbearable pain? All these are clear signs of arthritis. Arthritis is a medical condition caused by excessive wear and tear of the joints leading to chronic pain, inflammation, swelling and redness. Major risk factors include a family history of arthritis, age, gender and obesity. Obesity has become one of the major concerns for people nowadays as it increases the vulnerability to various chronic health problems.
There is a very close relation between obesity and knee pain. Both the problems are inter-related and if you are suffering from any one of these, there is a very high possibility that you are going to have the other as well.
What is the first thing that you do when you have knee pain? You sit down at one place and limit your motion, right? This ultimately leads to a stagnant lifestyle as a result of which you start gaining weight. It doesn’t stop here. Our knees bear the weight of our body and every kg of excess body weight is likely to exert 4 kgs of extra pressure on your knee joints. This unnecessary pressure increases the pace at which our joints degenerate thereby leading to increased pain and discomfort and the cycle goes on.
Doctors specialising in knee joint pain treatments in Delhi recommend all their patients to keep their weight under check. Even patients undergoing acute knee injury treatment are suggested to lose excess body weight.
Studies conducted in the field have shown that over 650 million people are affected by obesity worldwide. It has also been found that obese people are 6.8 times more likely to develop degenerative orthopaedic problems like arthritis and especially osteoarthritis which is marked by gradual loss of cartilage thereby leaving the bone exposed. Majority of patients undergoing knee replacement surgery in Delhi have been found to have a BMI greater than 30.
Weight loss is considered to be the most important part of treatment for knee pain. Shedding some pounds can help you to get rid of persistent knee pain as this helps to slow down cartilage degeneration. As soon as you start losing weight, you’ll experience a noticeable change with reduced pain, inflammation and swelling.
Weight loss not only helps with knee pain but also helps you to avoid various other health problems as well. It is very important to understand the importance of losing weight and working towards it. Set some goals but do not push yourself beyond your capacity as any wrong step can cause more damage to your knees.
Counselling - proper counselling and guidance are very important to make sure that your efforts do not go into waste. A counsellor will suggest healthy lifestyle changes that will help you lose weight without exerting any unnecessary pressure on your knees.
Diet - A healthy and balanced diet is a part of any weight-loss programme. Make sure that the food you eat is not only good for your weight but your joints as well. Omega-3 fatty acids present in fish can do wonders for your joints. Replace unhealthy carbs and fats with healthy fats like olive oil, avocado, and nuts. Calcium-rich food products can also help to keep your bones and joints strong.
Exercise - well exercising does not mean going to the gym and lifting heavy weights and working out rigorously. These will only add to your problem. Try low to moderate intensity exercises that ensure minimal strain on your knees. Avoid lifting heavy objects. Apart from losing weight and getting rid of knee pain, exercising can also help to improve the range of motion of your knees.