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Cardiovascular problems can lead to severe health issues, in adverse cases, these problems can even lead to life-threatening conditions. The underlying causes of these cardiovascular issues can originate even from our dietary routines and patterns of daily lifestyle. The accumulation of fat and/or calcium in the coronary arteries can lead to blockage resulting in heart diseases and sometimes failure of heart in worst cases.

To manifest an effective plan of care in these cases, doctors need to know the cause in the first place. If any imprecise results are achieved, the entire approach towards treatment can be at risk. Coronary angiography has provided quite a relief in cases like these. To simply put, coronary angiography uses X-rays for imaging tests of blood vessels in heart. It offers evaluation of the affected veins in the heart, creating a focused outlook for a detailed course of treatment.

The working of Angiography

The first thing to do is to get the X-ray images for coronary arteries. For this, a special liquid dye is inserted intravenously through a catheter. To guide the catheter inside the heart, an access point is created either in the arm or groin of a patient by making a small incision. The special dye injected with a catheter visualizes blood in the heart for any blocked/narrowed area which is made visible in the X-ray due to the coloured dye. After the process is complete, the dye is removed through by natural process of urination. 

Since angiography is performed on heart, doctors have to consider several factors which can put a patient in a risky position. If a patient has kidney problems at the time of diagnosis, the special dye to be used during angiography has to be properly scrutinized to avoid any negative effect on the heart. The precautions with respect to angiography are certainly increased when a patient has been diagnosed on an emergency situation, doctors make sure that no medical step deteriorate the health condition of a patient.

Benefits of Angiography

  • Time-effective

Unlike other forms of detailed diagnostic assessments, angiography does not consume extensive time for the test to complete. Angiography usually completes in less than an hour and throughout the procedure, a heart monitor supervises heart’s functioning which keeps a patient out of any danger. 

  • Quick discharge

After the angiography is complete, a patient has to stay at the hospital, maximum for an overnight. During this time, the special liquid dye injected for X-rays is removed from the kidneys. Through increased diuretics dose, the patient passes it through urine.

  • Precise analysis

The results from coronary angiography showcase the affected areas of coronary arteries. With this precise view, doctors are able to manifest such a plan of treatment which can keep the results successful. Depending upon the area under the impact, working of the heart, age of a patient, and overall wellbeing of a patient, doctors can opt from a range of treatment options such as stent placement, surgical interventions, and medical therapy.

Risks with angiography

Even though angiography is a time-effective and digitalized process (in terms of the results), it carries certain riskswhich have to be considered beforehand. Some of the associated risks are common but they do not cause any major health complications whereas certain rare risks of complications and side-effects can severe the well-being of a patient. The common yet mild risks involve:

  • Allergic reactions to the dye

The special liquid dye inserted for angiography can cause allergic reactions. Special care has to be taken if a patient has kidney disease/ disorders.

  • Bleeding

Bleeding at the incision site can cause slight issues. Before discharging a patient, he/she is made aware of how to dealwith it and when to inform the doctors.

  • Bruising

The incision site can show bruise marks due to the insertion of a thin, flexible catheter. Usually, the bruising improves in a few days.

While these above-mentioned complications are not serious in nature the below-mentioned risks can cause an adverse effect on the health of the patient:

  • Damage to the blood vessels and/ or kidneys
  • Death
  • Extensive bleeding
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Tissue damage

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