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Cardiac arrest, also known as heart attack in the medical world, is a very serious heart condition which is marked by the inability of the heart to beat normally, thereby, elevating the risks of sudden cardiac death. Heart failure is becoming a major concern for people in India as well as globally. 
Heart blockage is one of the major causes of cardiac arrest. Cardiac blockage treatment offered at all the leading heart hospitals can help to treat the problem effectively, thereby reducing the risks of cardiac arrest. 
You can find all the evident-based and authentic information regarding cardiac Arrest and its treatment on Medflick. 
Look out for these symptoms
Although cardiac arrest is a serious problem, early recognition of the symptoms can help you to opt for the treatment while there is still time, thereby reducing the complications and increasing the survival rate. It is important to consult a specialist if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Dizziness
  • Breathlessness
  • General body weakness and fatigue
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Uneven heartbeats and palpitations.
  • Pain and pinching sensation in the chest
  • Collapsing or fainting
  • Breaking out in cold sweats

Major risk factors

Certain risk factors that can increase your vulnerability to cardiac arrest are as under:

  • Coronary Heart Diseases that damage the coronary arteries and hinder the normal flow of blood can elevate your risk of having a cardiac arrest. Coronary blockage treatment videos available online will help you understand how such problems can be treated effectively.
  • People with a large heart tend to have 
  • Congenital heart diseases i.e. heart problems that are present since birth can increase the risks of cardiac arrest in children.
  • Viral infections or an underlying metabolic disease like hypertension and diabetes mellitus, both of which are an epidemic in India.
  • Tobacco abuse, smoking and vaping
  • Consumption of junk or greasy food rich in cholesterol, which can lead to plaque formation. 
  • Harboring a lot of mental stress.
  • Stagnant and unhealthy lifestyle.

It is important to recognize and target all the risk factors for alleviating the risks of cardiac arrest, especially in the younger generation.
Difference between cardiac arrest and heart failure 
It is very important to understand that heart attack and heart failure are two problems that require different treatments. People often confuse between the two due to the lack of proper knowledge about the symptoms which are somewhat alike. 
A cardiac arrest is a sudden event that is triggered by a chronic blockage in the arteries whereas heart failure is a gradual event marked by the slow decline of the pumping function of the heart.  
Diagnosis 
Patients who survive a cardiac arrest need to undergo certain tests in order to negate the chances of experiencing the same in the future. These include Electrocardiogram, blood tests, X-rays, Echocardiogram, Nuclear scan, Angiogram, etc. 
Treatment options available

  • CPR is extremely important in case of sudden cardiac arrest as it helps to maintain a continuous flow of oxygen-rich blood to the various body parts, thereby increasing the chances of survival.
  • Defibrillation involves the use of a small device known as a defibrillator that senses ventricular fibrillation and sends a shock through the chest wall to the heart in order to momentarily stop the heart and stabilize the rhythm.
  • In case you fall under the risk category, doctors may recommend some medication like beta-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and calcium channel blockers.
  • AICD (Automatic Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator) can help to monitor your heart rhythm and if your heart rhythm is very slow, it sends low or high energy shocks to reset your heart to a normal rhythm. 
  • Coronary angioplasty helps to restore the normal flow of blood by removing the blockage from the coronary arteries with the help of a catheter fitted with a balloon on one of its ends. 
  • Coronary bypass surgery is performed in case of severe coronary artery blockage 

Apart from these, Radiofrequency catheter ablation and corrective heart surgery may also be recommended.
 

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