About cervical cancer
Cervical cancer is marked by the abnormal growth of malignant cells in the cervix, i.e. the lower part of the uterus that connects it to the vagina or the birth canal. Cervical cancer is a very common problem. In fact, it is the second most common cancer in India. Reports given by the best cervical cancer hospitals in India have shown that around 1 lakh women are detected with cervical cancer every year.
Signs and symptoms
Some of the common signs and symptoms that indicate cervical cancer include the following:
Cervical cancer starts with abnormal and unhealthy changes in the tissues of the cervix which are triggered by human papillomavirus (HPV). The problem can also be passed via sexual intercourse with multiple partners or excessive intake of oral contraceptives.
The major risk factors that increase your vulnerability to cervical cancer include the following;
Diagnosis of cervical cancer is done by carrying out a thorough examination of the cervix and taking a sample of the cervix cells for PAP smear. It is not always necessary to experience the symptoms. Pap smear should be performed at least once in three years.All the leading cervical cancer hospitals have their own specialised laboratories where the tests and screenings are conducted.
Cervical cancer has four stages:
Treatment options available for cervical cancer include:
Cervical cancer surgical treatmentis offered at all the leading cancer treatment hospitals in India.