Ovarian cancer is a type of gynaecological cancer that originates in the ovaries. It is marked by the abnormal and uncontrollable multiplication of cancerous cells that eventually results in the formation of a malignant tumour or multiple small tumours.
Signs and Symptoms
There are certain signs and symptoms that may indicate the prevalence of ovarian cancer and suggest the need for consulting a doctor. These include:
If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, it is important to consult a specialist in the field for proper guidance.
There are certain factors that can increase your vulnerability to ovarian cancer.
Apart from these, women who have never given birth or never breastfed their child are also vulnerable to ovarian cancer.
Although it is very hard to determine the exact cause of ovarian cancer, most of these are a result of unhealthy gene mutation.
Although there is no way of completely preventing ovarian cancer, there are certain risks that might help to reduce the risks. These include the use of contraceptive pills and frequent check-ups whether you are experiencing the symptoms or not.
Diagnosis of ovarian cancer includes the physical examination of the pelvic area i.e. the vagina and cervix. Apart from this, imaging tests and blood tests may also be recommended.
In some cases, the ovaries are removed surgically and tested for any signs of cancer.
Treatment for ovarian cancer involves the surgical removal of the ovaries (either 1 or both) and uterus (in some cases). Chemotherapy may be recommended before and after the surgery to reduce the size of the tumor and kill the remaining malignant cells respectively.